Fasteners are a class of mechanical parts that are used for fastening connections and are widely used. Fasteners are widely used in industries including energy, electronics, electrical appliances, machinery, chemicals, metallurgy, molds, hydraulics, etc., in various machinery, equipment, vehicles, ships, railways, bridges, buildings, structures, tools, and instruments You can see all kinds of fasteners on the top, chemical industry, instruments and supplies, which are the most widely used mechanical basic parts. It is characterized by a large variety of specifications, different performance and use, and the degree of standardization, serialization, and generalization is extremely high. Therefore, some people also refer to a class of fasteners that have national standards as standard fasteners, or simply as standard components.
In 2017, global industrial fastener sales reached 82.9 billion US dollars. According to the US market research company Grand View Research (GVR) industrial fastener market report, by 2020 the global industrial fastener market will reach 104 billion US dollars. World fastener demand is growing at an average of 4-5%.
Analysis of China's fastener industry
(1) The concentration of the industry is not high, and the overall size of the company is small
With the development of domestic private enterprises and joint ventures over the years, the number of fastener manufacturers in China has increased and decreased. According to the estimates of the Fastener Industry Association of China, there are currently more than 7,000 fastener manufacturers in China. There are more than 2,000 enterprises, but there are not many large-scale enterprises with a total industrial output value of more than 500 million yuan. The overall scale of domestic fastener companies is relatively small, and the industry concentration is not high, with CR10 less than 20%.
(2) Fierce competition in the low-end market and insufficient competition in the high-end market
Due to the long-term low-level repetitive construction, China's fastener industry currently exhibits structural imbalances, mainly in the following: in the low-end market, the general fastener market has saturated demand and excess production capacity, resulting in low-level repetitive construction. Homogeneous competition; and in high-end markets, such as high-strength fastener markets used in the automotive, aerospace and other industries, due to the weak R & D capabilities of most domestic companies and low levels of process equipment, there are only a few domestic companies In doing so, they have to rely heavily on imports for a long time.
Development direction analysis
1. New improvements in quality and brand building
To strengthen quality management, we must proactively implement the standard and improve the level of compliance. We must shift from the AQL quality standard to the PPM world level, strengthen production process control, 5S on-site management, online production inspection, and SPC quality monitoring to further improve the quality level.
2. New thinking on talent team building
It is necessary to recognize the importance of human resources from a strategic perspective, attach importance to the cultivation and development of talents, and create a group of first-class enterprise core teams with core competitiveness.
3. "Intelligent, Internet +" requires new measures
"Internet +" has begun to transform the fastener industry, but many companies have not felt the obvious change. However, when the change is obvious, it is too late. Who can build a new ecology, who will be the boss of this industry.
In short, the impact of "Internet +" on traditional industries is universal, and the fastener industry is no exception; changes may not be obvious within a year or two, but in the long run, they often exceed our expectations. Therefore, fastener manufacturers need to strengthen the construction of corporate Internet and respond to the market early in order to seize the opportunity.
4. New heights in industrial agglomeration
The reform and adjustment need to change the concept of efficiency, attach importance to production efficiency, pay more attention to macro efficiency, and optimize the combination of industry resources.
Do a good job in the construction of leading enterprises and increase the industrial concentration. It is necessary to use capital movements, adjustments, mergers and reorganizations to enlarge and strengthen the entire industry; expand foreign markets, take the initiative to take the road of international cooperation, and expand the development space of the entire industry; continue to strengthen the expansion of agglomeration areas and a number of specialized production bases to enhance the entire industry Industrial concentration.
5. There must be new improvements in product structure adjustment
Relying on major projects such as automobiles, wind power, nuclear power, high-speed rail large aircraft, etc., it develops new products and develops supporting new equipment, new materials and new tooling.
Product structure adjustment should be implemented, focusing on the development of aerospace, high-performance special-shaped fasteners for cars, automotive engine-specific fasteners, high-speed rail supporting fastener systems, wind power supporting high-strength bolts, combination bolts and assemblies, stainless steel Fasteners, titanium aluminum alloy fasteners, carbon fiber fasteners, IT industry micro screws, self-locking, chemical coating and various surface treatment fasteners.
6. New breakthroughs in industry core technologies and processes
In addition to further consolidating and developing the five major national projects, increasing investment in science and technology, the last batch of new projects: high-performance, high-strength special materials; new materials for processing and heat treatment technology; intelligent multi-station cold forming equipment; heat treatment Special equipment; online detection technology and equipment.
7. New measures for green production
Study environmental protection law, strengthen cooperation with local environmental protection departments, master standards and treatment technologies, and focus on solving the standard discharge of pickling, electroplating wastewater, soot and industrial wastewater; gradually achieve clean, environmentally friendly, low-carbon and green production, and industry and local associations must play Organizational coordination.
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